How Long Until Cars Are Full Automation?
Some of our Favorite Movies
Think of some of your favorite movies that had you dreaming of the day cars become automated.
How Far Have We Come?
1950 – 2000 Safety/Convenience Features Cruise Control Seat Belts Antilock Brakes Icon with a clock and an arrow demonstrating progress over time to signify the first step in the evolution Icon with a clock and an arrow demonstrating progress over time to signify the second step in the evolution. The arrow is a little less than halfway around the circle.
2000 – 2010 Advanced Safety Features Electronic Stability Control Blind Spot Detection Forward Collision Warning Lane Departure Warning
2010 – 2016 Advanced Driver Assistance Features Rearview Video Systems Automatic Emergency Braking Pedestrian Automatic Emergency Braking Rear Automatic Emergency Braking Rear Cross Traffic Alert Lane Centering Assist Icon with a clock and an arrow demonstrating progress over time to signify the third step in the evolution. The arrow is over halfway around the circle. Icon with a clock and an arrow demonstrating progress over time to signify the fourth step in the evolution.The arrow is three quarters of the way around the circle.
2016 – 2025 Partially Automated Safety Features Lane keeping assist Adaptive cruise control Traffic jam assist Self-park
2025+ Fully Automated Safety Features Highway autopilot Icon with a clock and an arrow demonstrating progress over time to signify the fifth era in the evolution. The arrow is all the way around the circle.
Level 0 The human driver does all the driving.
Level 1 An advanced driver assistance system (ADAS) on the vehicle can sometimes assist the human driver with either steering or braking/accelerating, but not both simultaneously.
Level 2 An advanced driver assistance system (ADAS) on the vehicle can itself actually control both steering and braking/accelerating simultaneously under some circumstances. The human driver must continue to pay full attention (“monitor the driving environment”) at all times and perform the rest of the driving task.
Level 3 An Automated Driving System (ADS) on the vehicle can itself perform all aspects of the driving task under some circumstances. In those circumstances, the human driver must be ready to take back control at any time when the ADS requests the human driver to do so. In all other circumstances, the human driver performs the driving task.
Level 4 An Automated Driving System (ADS) on the vehicle can itself perform all driving tasks and monitor the driving environment – essentially, do all the driving – in certain circumstances. The human need not pay attention in those circumstances.
Level 5 An Automated Driving System (ADS) on the vehicle can do all the driving in all circumstances. The human occupants are just passengers and need never be involved in driving.
The Possible Benefits Of Automation
Driver assistance technologies in today’s motor vehicles are already helping to save lives and prevent injuries.
A number of today’s new motor vehicles have technology that helps drivers avoid drifting into adjacent lanes or making unsafe lane changes, or that warns drivers of other vehicles behind them when they are backing up, or that brakes automatically if a vehicle ahead of them stops or slows suddenly, among other things. These and other safety technologies use a combination of hardware (sensors, cameras, and radar) and software to help vehicles identify certain safety risks so they can warn the driver to act to avoid a crash.
The continuing evolution of automotive technology aims to deliver even greater safety benefits and – one day – deliver Automated Driving Systems (ADS) that can handle the whole task of driving when we don’t want to or can’t do it ourselves.
Rizk Law is Here for YOU!
“I have experience seeing this from both sides of the coin. There is a reason I am on this side now!
From 1990 to 1996 I worked at Nationwide Insurance and Wausau Insurance in house counsel. In that role I defended workers’ compensation claims, slip and falls and car accident injury claims. From 1996 to 2000 I supervised and negotiated resolution of environmental claims and litigated cases nationally from Nationwide’s satellite home office in suburban Chicago.
Since then, I have switched to the side of righteousness and justice representing and litigating and resolving personal injury and insurance companies in Oregon and Washington state. Along the way, I have learned many valuable lessons and insights.”
Attorney Richard Rizk